Heat Stroke: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention

heat stroke
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What Is Heat Stroke?

Heat Stroke is a condition caused to your body due to overheating, for the most part, because of extended presentation to or physical strain in high temperatures. Heat stroke can happen if your body temperature ascends to 104 F or higher. The condition is most basic in the summer months.

Heatstroke requires immediate treatment. Untreated heatstroke can rapidly harm your brain, heart, kidneys, and muscles. If the damage worsens or the longer treatment is deferred, expanding your danger of critical complications.

What Causes Heat Stroke?

Heat stroke, a type of hyperthermia, is portrayed by a center body temperature of 104 degrees Fahrenheit or more than 104 degrees. When experiencing heat stroke, the body’s common temperature guideline process is overpowered by the outer heat. There are different causes of heat stroke.

  • Dehydration
  • Sunburn
  • Exposing the body to extremely hot temperatures
  • Stressful activities

Heat Stroke Symptoms

Heat stroke can kill or make harm the cerebrum and other internal organs. Heat stroke results from delayed exposure to high temperatures typically in a mix with dehydration which prompts failure of the body’s temperature control system. The medical meaning of heat stroke is a center body temperature more than 104 degrees Fahrenheit, with complexities including the central sensory system that happens after the exposure to high temperatures. Other symptoms include nausea, dizziness, headache and loss of consciousness, etc.

What is Heat Exhaustion?

Heat Exhaustion is a state almost similar to Heat Stroke. Heat Exhaustion occurs because of exposing the body to high temperatures. Patients with heat exhaustion can observe over sweating, a high pulse which results in body overheating. This is one of the heat-related syndromes where heat cramps are the modest state and heat stroke is the most critical condition.  

Heat Exhaustion Symptoms

Heat Exhaustion is a heat-related ailment that can happen after your body has been exposed to greater temperatures, and it regularly is joined by a lack of hydration.

The common symptoms for Heat Exhaustion are,

  • Nausea
  • Vomitings
  • Diarrhea
  • Heavy Sweating
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Urine in dark color
  • Pale skin
  • Heartbeats faster
  • Abdominal Cramps
  • High Temperature

Heat Stroke Treatment

When heat stroke occurs to a person, body temperature increases more than 104 degrees Fahrenheit. This leads to different conditions like headaches, dizziness, etc. In order to treat heat stroke, the first and main thing is we have to control body temperature otherwise it damages the brain and other important organs.

To decrease body temperature, follow the methods mentioned below.

  • Get a cold water bath
  • Wrap up urself in cooling blankets and put ice packs in different areas of your body parts like armpits, neck, back, etc.
  • Take medications prescribed by your physician.

Heat Stroke in Children

Typically kids affect more to heat stroke because, they play outdoor games like cricket,  tennis, etc. Before you send the children out to practice in the sun, figure out how to ensure your kid against the risks of dehydration and heat stroke. Make sure your children take plenty of fluids in summer to avoid dehydration.

Heat Stroke Recovery

Recovering from heat stroke varies from person to person. Typically it takes 1 to 2 days in a hospital for a person to recover from heat stroke effect.

If heat stroke effects any of the vital organs it takes time for the patient to recover.

Heat Stroke Remedy

Best Remedy for heat stroke is to take plenty of fluids which keeps you hydrated. Some more remedies to help from heat stroke are give here.

  • Butter Milk
  • Coconut Water
  • Onion Juice
  • Tamarind Drink
  • Aam Panna
  • Plum Drink
  • Aloe vera Juice
  • Apple Cider Veniger

Symptoms of HeatStroke in Adults

If the person is having a body temperature of 104 degrees Fahrenheit or greater than that, then it might be the symptom of heat stroke. However, in some conditions, the affected person may faint due to heat stroke.

Some other symptoms of heat stroke are

  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • High Temperature
  • Dehydration
  • Red and dry skin
  • Faster heartbeat

Heat Cramps

Heat Cramps in a brief called Muscle Cramps. Heat Cramps are related to cramping in the stomach area, arms, and calves. This can be brought about by lacking intake of liquids or electrolytes. Heavy sweating causes heat cramps.

Despite the fact that heat cramps can be very difficult, they typically don’t result in permanent harm, however, they can be an indication of heat stroke. Heat Stroke can demonstrate a progressively serious issue in somebody with heart illness.

So as to avoid them, individuals may drink electrolyte supplements, for example, sports drinks amid exercise or strenuous work or eat potassium-rich sustenances like bananas and apples.

Heat Stroke Prevention

Here are some tips which help you in preventing heat stroke.

  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Keep yourself cool by having air circulation around you
  • Wear light-colored clothes with loose fitting
  • Use sunscreen lotions and cover your head with a hat or scarf
  • Don’t sit in parked cars which is very dangerous for kids and pets

What are the after effects of Heat Stroke?

After effects of Heatstroke include, dehydration, thirsty, salt depletion, dizziness, headache, high temperature, fainting, weakness and etc.

Can heat stroke kill you?

As we discussed prior, heat stroke is a serious heat injury and considered as a medical emergency which can damage the brain and important organs of the human body if we neglect treatment. Sometimes, heat stroke even kills us.

What are the long term effects of heat stroke?

Long term effects of heat stroke are listed here.

  • High temperature
  • Nausea
  • Vomitings
  • Dehydration
  • Sweating
  • Fast breathing
  • Red skin
  • Severe headache

What organs are affected by heat stroke?

Heat Stroke can dame important organs of the body like brain, liver, kidney, heart, lungs, etc. If the temperature increases more than 104 degrees, death may occur.

Author:

Dr. Rahul Agrawal

  • MD (General Medicine)
  • Sr. Consultant General Physician and Diabetologist
  • 16 Years of Experience
  • Medical Registration: 65830
  •   Mon – Sat: 10 AM – 4 PM*
  •   Hitech city, Madhapur

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